Equipment used in determining if the Area is a Wetland.
Wetland delineation is the process of determining whether an area has water bodies and if so the extent of the water bodies. Some government have passed legislation preventing the construction of any form of building over a wetland. Some areas may appear as dry land although there is water reserve below them which becomes visible during raining seasons. Making it very crucial for real estate investors to have a wetland delineation test conducted to avoid buying into water bodies which will be a loss to their investment.
Tools to acquire for water bodies identification and area occupied measurement includes.
The exercise will require acquiring updated water bodies maps. The purpose of the map is to give a guideline on where to start the exercise.
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In addition to the map, the researcher also will need GPS equipment. GPS units use to show the north, south, east and west of the area.
Mud boots. It is necessary to wear shoes that are appropriate for the field exercise. This are essential to protect the person’s feet.
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Digging equipment such as soil knives and shovels. The field exercise involves getting underneath soil by digging deep holes.
Waterproof cameras. Part of the research involves the use of camera to take underground water pictures. The area has water hence the need for a camera with ability to take shots in the water. It is also essential for the camera batteries to be long lasting. Also, it is good to carry a normal designed camera for taking general field picture. Specification required is camera ability to focus the light well and produce good pictures.
Pictures for different types of soils. Soil experts have developed a chart showing the different color characteristics of soils in different area thus helping the researcher match the area soil with notes on the chart. To determine whether an area has water bodies, will involve digging of several holes in the area and comparing the colors of the soils with the description on the color chart.
Size of the area estimation tools. After establishing there is a water body in the area, the next step will involve determining the size of the water body. This will involving digging various distant holes in the area and measuring the distance occupied by the wetland. For this exercise, the researcher will require measurement tools. In addition the exercise develops the end areas of the wetland.
Notes taking is also an important exercise of any research. Therefore the researchers should carry stationery materials. These tools are for recording the items discovered in the field area.
The water body identification and area measurement is an essential exercise which should be undertaken after lapse of several years for example ten years. This is because some area with water reserves nearby may dry up due to hot climate condition while wet conditions may create new water reserves.